November 12, 2014
Reference Type: Journal Article
Record Number: 4664Author: Funch, D., Gydesen, H., Tornoe, K., Major-Pedersen, A. and Chan, K. A.
Title: A prospective, claims-based assessment of the risk of pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer with liraglutide compared to other antidiabetic drugs
Journal: Diabetes Obes Metab
Short Title: A prospective, claims-based assessment of the risk of pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer with liraglutide compared to other antidiabetic drugs
Alternate Journal: Diabetes, obesity & metabolism
ISSN: 1463-1326 (Electronic)
Accession Number: 24199745
Abstract: AIM: We evaluated the relationship between liraglutide and acute pancreatitis or pancreatic cancer in an ongoing post-marketing safety assessment programme. METHODS: Initiators of liraglutide, exenatide, metformin, pioglitazone or groups containing initiators of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors or sulfonylureas were identified in a US commercial health insurance claims database (1 February 2010 to 31 March 2013) and followed for a median of 15 months. We estimated incidence rates (IR/100 000 person-years), rate ratio (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of new insurance claims with diagnoses of primary inpatient acute pancreatitis or pancreatic cancer from Poisson regression models. RESULTS: The IR for acute pancreatitis for liraglutide was 187.5 compared with 154.4 for all non-glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1)-based therapies (adjusted RR 1.10; CI 0.81-1.49). The IR for pancreatic cancer was 19.9 for liraglutide compared with 33.0 for all non-GLP-1-based therapies (adjusted RR 0.65; 95% CI 0.26-1.60). CONCLUSION: We did not observe excess risk of either outcome associated with liraglutide relative to individual or pooled comparator drugs.