November 12, 2014
Notes: Ewald, Nils
Hardt, Philip D
World J Gastroenterol. 2013 Nov 14;19(42):7276-81. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v19.i42.7276.
Author Address: Nils Ewald, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen, 35392 Giessen, Germany.
Reference Type: Journal Article
Record Number: 4657Author: Faillie, J. L., Babai, S., Crepin, S., Bres, V., Laroche, M. L., Le Louet, H., Petit, P., Montastruc, J. L., Hillaire-Buys, D. and French Pharmacovigilance Centers, Network
Title: Pancreatitis associated with the use of GLP-1 analogs and DPP-4 inhibitors: a case/non-case study from the French Pharmacovigilance Database
Journal: Acta Diabetol
Short Title: Pancreatitis associated with the use of GLP-1 analogs and DPP-4 inhibitors: a case/non-case study from the French Pharmacovigilance Database
Alternate Journal: Acta diabetologica
ISSN: 1432-5233 (Electronic)
Accession Number: 24352344
Abstract: In the recent past, concerns have raised regarding the potential risk of acute pancreatitis among type 2 diabetic patients using incretin-based drugs such as glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) analogs and dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between exposure to incretin-based drugs and the occurrence of pancreatitis reported in the French Pharmacovigilance Database. The case/non-case method was performed from serious adverse drug reactions (ADRs) involving antihyperglycemic agents (except insulin alone) reported to the French pharmacovigilance system between March 2008 (first marketing of an incretin-based drug in France) and March 2013. Cases were defined as reports of pancreatitis, and all other serious ADRs were considered non-cases. Disproportionality was assessed by calculating reporting odds ratios (ROR) adjusted for age, gender, history of pancreatitis, other antihyperglycemic drugs and other drugs associated with a higher risk of pancreatitis. Among 3,109 serious ADRs, 147 (4.7 %) reports of pancreatitis were identified as cases and 2,962 reports (95.3 %) of other ADRs as non-cases. Among the cases, 122 (83.0 %) involved incretin-based drugs. Disproportionality was found for all incretin-based drugs (adjusted ROR: 15.7 [95 % CI 9.8-24.9]), all GLP-1 analogs (29.4 [16.0-53.8]), exenatide (28.3 [12.8-62.3]), liraglutide (30.4 [15.4-60.0]), all DPP-4 inhibitors (12.1 [7.3-20.0]), sitagliptin (12.4 [7.3-21.0]), saxagliptin (15.1 [4.3-52.7]), and vildagliptin (7.4 [3.1-17.6]). Temporal analysis found disproportionality for incretin-based drugs since their first year of marketing in France. Compared with other antihyperglycemic agents, use of incretin-based drugs is associated with an increased risk of reported pancreatitis in France.