November 12, 2014
Notes: Limwattana, Sorawan
Clin Rheumatol. 2013 Jun;32(6):913-8. doi: 10.1007/s10067-013-2242-2. Epub 2013 May 15.
Author Address: Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla 90110, Thailand.
Reference Type: Journal Article
Record Number: 5200Author: Lipinski, M., Rydzewski, A. and Rydzewska, G.
Title: Early changes in serum creatinine level and estimated glomerular filtration rate predict pancreatic necrosis and mortality in acute pancreatitis: Creatinine and eGFR in acute pancreatitis
Short Title: Early changes in serum creatinine level and estimated glomerular filtration rate predict pancreatic necrosis and mortality in acute pancreatitis: Creatinine and eGFR in acute pancreatitis
Alternate Journal: Pancreatology : official journal of the International Association of Pancreatology
ISSN: 1424-3911 (Electronic)
Accession Number: 23719589
Keywords: Acute Disease
Aged, 80 and over
*Glomerular Filtration Rate
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Abstract: AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the significance of serum creatinine level (SCL) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) measured in an early phase of acute pancreatitis (AP) for prediction of pancreatic necrosis (PNec) and mortality. METHODS: One hundred and forty-seven patients with AP were retrospectively reviewed in the study. Serum creatinine level and estimated glomerular filtration rate (calculated using the abbreviated Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation) on admission and 48 h thereafter were analyzed for each patient. These parameters were compared with contrast-enhanced computed tomography images performed within 96 h from admission (n = 103). Usefulness of SCL and eGFR for prediction of PNec and fatal outcome of AP was evaluated using a receiver operator characteristic curve analysis and comparison of average parameter values. RESULTS: We confirmed pancreatic necrosis in 41 (39.8%) of 103 patients using computed tomography examination. Both creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate measured on admission (p < 0.001, p < 0.001 respectively) and 48 h later (p = 0.001, p < 0.001 respectively) were significantly associated with the presence of pancreatic necrosis. Moreover, serum creatinine level and eGFR measured on the 1st day proved to be a good predictor of fatal outcome. Both, mortality and presence of pancreatic necrosis were significantly higher in the group with elevated serum creatinine level and low eGFR values. CONCLUSIONS: SCL and eGFR on admission are useful indicators of PNec and mortality.