November 12, 2014
Reference Type: Journal Article
Record Number: 5325Author: Lerch, M. M. and Mayerle, J.
Title: [50 years of progress in pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of chronic pancreatitis]
Journal: Z Gastroenterol
Short Title: [50 years of progress in pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of chronic pancreatitis]
Alternate Journal: Zeitschrift fur Gastroenterologie
ISSN: 1439-7803 (Electronic)
Original Publication: 50 Jahre Fortschritt in Pathophysiologie, Diagnostik und Behandlung der chronischen Pankreatitis.
Accession Number: 23585264
Keywords: Diagnostic Imaging/*history
History, 20th Century
History, 21st Century
Abstract: The German Journal of Gastroenterology celebrates its fifties anniversary in 2013. Over half a century original studies, reviews and guidelines covering the topics of acute and chronic pancreatitis as well as pancreatic cancer have assumed a prominent role on its pages. Already in the first edition of the Journal Haemmerli and Hefti have summarized the Zurich experience with chronic pancreatitis and provided a detailed state-of-the-art review for the year 1963. 50 years later the current guidelines of the German Society of Digestive and Metabolic Diseases (DGVS) have been published in the same Journal and allow to summarize the scientific progress over this period. Back then chronic pancreatitis was regarded as a rare disorder (tenfold less common than e. g. acute pancreatitis or pancreatic cancer). This misconception had little to do with actual prevalence but with highly insensitive diagnostic tests, particularly in the area of diagnostic imaging. While pathogenetic factors for chronic pancreatitis, including a possible genetic disposition, were largely known in 1963, our understanding of their cellular mechanisms has very much improved. The greatest progress in diagnostic options was achieved by the introduction of novel imaging techniques such as ultrasound and endoscopic ultrasound, ERCP, CT and MRCP. In terms of therapy the notion that a blockage of pancreatitic secretion is an effective pharmacological option has been abandoned and endoscopic intervention and surgical treatment have been newly developed as alternatives.