November 12, 2014
Notes: Beltz, Sara
Loren, David E
Siddiqui, Ali A
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov’t
South Med J. 2013 May;106(5):298-302. doi: 10.1097/SMJ.0b013e318290c6be.
Author Address: Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Departments of Internal Medicine and Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA.
Reference Type: Journal Article
Record Number: 5101Author: Bexelius, T. S., Ljung, R., Mattsson, F. and Lagergren, J.
Title: Cardiovascular disease and risk of acute pancreatitis in a population-based study
Short Title: Cardiovascular disease and risk of acute pancreatitis in a population-based study
Alternate Journal: Pancreas
ISSN: 1536-4828 (Electronic)
Accession Number: 23851434
Keywords: Acute Disease
Aged, 80 and over
Registries/statistics & numerical data
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: The low-grade inflammation that characterizes cardiovascular disorders may facilitate the development of pancreatitis; therefore, we investigated the connection between cardiovascular disorders and acute pancreatitis. METHODS: A nested population-based case-control study was conducted in Sweden in 2006-2008. Cases had a first episode of acute pancreatitis diagnosed in the nationwide Patient Register. Controls were matched on age, sex, and calendar year and randomly selected from all Swedish residents (40-84 years old). Exposure to cardiovascular diseases (hypertension, ischemic heart disease, congestive heart failure, and stroke) was identified in the Patient Register. Relative risk of acute pancreatitis was estimated by odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals using logistic regression adjusting for confounders (matching variables, alcohol disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, type 2 diabetes, number of distinct medications, and other cardiovascular diseases). RESULTS: The study included 6161 cases and 61,637 control subjects. Cardiovascular disorders were positively associated with acute pancreatitis (adjusted odds ratio, 1.35; 95% confidence interval, 1.25-1.45). CONCLUSIONS: This population-based study indicates an association between cardiovascular disease and acute pancreatitis. Specifically, ischemic heart disease and hypertension seem to increase the risk of acute pancreatitis. Further research is needed to determine causality.