November 12, 2014
Notes: Leghari, Aftab
Taj, Muhammad Ali
Niaz, Saad Khalid
Quraishy, M Saeed
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2013 Sep;23(9):620-4. doi: 09.2013/JCPSP.620624.
Author Address: Department of Surgery, Civil Hospital, Karachi.
Reference Type: Journal Article
Record Number: 5082Author: Leonardi, S., Pratico, A. D., Rotolo, N., Di Dio, G., Lionetti, E. and La Rosa, M.
Title: Early acute pancreatitis in a child with compound heterozygosis F508/R1438W/Y1032C cystic fibrosis: a case report
Journal: J Med Case Rep
Short Title: Early acute pancreatitis in a child with compound heterozygosis F508/R1438W/Y1032C cystic fibrosis: a case report
Alternate Journal: Journal of medical case reports
ISSN: 1752-1947 (Electronic)
Accession Number: 23883480
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Recent studies suggest an important role of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene in the development of pancreatitis. It occurs approximately in 20% of patients with cystic fibrosis and almost exclusively in pancreatic sufficient people. Newborn screening and improved panels of deoxyribonucleic acid mutation analysis techniques are revealing more rare and nonclassical pictures of the disease, generally associated with pancreatic sufficiency and with an increased risk of developing pancreatitis. Mutations R1438 and Y1032 are considered rare mutations, and, when singularly associated with F508, lead to a mild phenotype with pancreatic sufficiency and no detectable respiratory involvement. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a Caucasian girl, aged six years, whose genotype was characterized by three different mutations F508, R1438W and Y1032C, never reported, together, in the same patient. She presented with a positive immunoreactive trypsinogen screening, a borderline sweat test, and, in the first years, a favorable pulmonary course, and pancreatic sufficiency. At the age of six years, she presented with a sudden episode of acute abdominal pain, anorexia and fever. A diagnosis of pancreatitis was made after clinical and laboratory examinations. Venous rehydration, bowel rest and therapy with ursodeoxycholic acid resulted in complete remission.The treatment was successful, with normalization of her symptoms and laboratory parameters within four weeks. CONCLUSION: There has been a vast expansion in the understanding of the wide range of phenotypes associated with cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator dysfunction since the discovery of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene. The genotype-phenotype correlation in pancreatitis is rare compared to other organ manifestations, since this is seen almost exclusively among pancreatic sufficient patients with cystic fibrosis. Our study supports that compound heterozygosis F508-R1438W/Y1032C is a ‘cystic fibrosis-causing genotype’ characterized by an immunoreactive trypsinogen positive screening, abnormal sweat chloride testing, and pancreatic sufficiency, with an increased risk of acute pancreatitis at an early age.