November 12, 2014
Notes: Knafelz, Daniela
World J Gastroenterol. 2013 Aug 21;19(31):5204-6. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v19.i31.5204.
Reference Type: Journal Article
Record Number: 4903Author: Kota, S. K., Krishna, S. V., Lakhtakia, S. and Modi, K. D.
Title: Metabolic pancreatitis: Etiopathogenesis and management
Journal: Indian J Endocrinol Metab
Short Title: Metabolic pancreatitis: Etiopathogenesis and management
Alternate Journal: Indian journal of endocrinology and metabolism
ISSN: 2230-8210 (Print)
Accession Number: 24083160
Abstract: Acute pancreatitis is a medical emergency. Alcohol and gallstones are the most common etiologies accounting for 60%-75% cases. Other important causes include postendoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography procedure, abdominal trauma, drug toxicity, various infections, autoimmune, ischemia, and hereditary causes. In about 15% of cases the cause remains unknown (idiopathic pancreatitis). Metabolic conditions giving rise to pancreatitis are less common, accounting for 5%-10% cases. The causes include hypertriglyceridemia, hypercalcemia, diabetes mellitus, porphyria, and Wilson’s disease. The episodes of pancreatitis tend to be more severe. In cases of metabolic pancreatitis, over and above the standard routine management of pancreatitis, careful management of the underlying metabolic abnormalities is of paramount importance. If not treated properly, it leads to recurrent life-threatening bouts of acute pancreatitis. We hereby review the pathogenesis and management of various causes of metabolic pancreatitis.
Notes: Kota, Sunil Kumar
Krishna, S V S
Modi, Kirtikumar D