November 12, 2014
Kidney Failure, Chronic/epidemiology/*therapy
Proportional Hazards Models
Renal Dialysis/*adverse effects
Sensitivity and Specificity
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The risk of acute pancreatitis in patients on long-term peritoneal dialysis is higher as compared to the general population. However, the relationship between long-term hemodialysis and acute pancreatitis has never been established. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the incidence of acute pancreatitis among patients on long-term hemodialysis in Taiwan to evaluate if there is a higher risk of acute pancreatitis in comparison to the general population. METHODS: We utilized a National Health Insurance (NHI) claims data sample containing one million beneficiaries. We followed all adult beneficiaries from January 1, 2007 until December 31, 2010 to see if they had been hospitalized for acute pancreatitis during this period. We further identified patients on chronic hemodialysis and compared their risk of acute pancreatitis with the general population. RESULTS: This study included 2603 patients with long-term hemodialysis and 773,140 patients without hemodialysis. After controlling for age, gender, Charlson Comorbidity Index Score, geographic region, socioeconomic status and urbanization level, the adjusted hazard ratio was 3.44 (95% Confidence interval, 2.5-4.7). CONCLUSIONS: The risk of acute pancreatitis in patients on long-term hemodialysis is significantly higher in comparison to the general population.
Notes: Hou, Sheng-Wen
PLoS One. 2013 Aug 20;8(8):e71801. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0071801. eCollection 2013.
Author Address: Emergency Department, Shin-Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.