Dermatology 2013

Notes: Roberts, Wendy E

eng

2013/12/05 06:00

J Drugs Dermatol. 2013 Dec;12(12):1396-9.

URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24301241

 

 

Reference Type:  Journal Article

Record Number: 4476Author: Robinson, J. K. and Callen, J. P.

Year: 2013

Title: Introducing Misha Rosenbach, MD, section editor for JAMA Dermatology patient page

Journal: JAMA Dermatol

Volume: 149

Issue: 3

Pages: 340

Date: Mar

Short Title: Introducing Misha Rosenbach, MD, section editor for JAMA Dermatology patient page

Alternate Journal: JAMA dermatology

ISSN: 2168-6084 (Electronic)

DOI: 10.1001/jamadermatol.2013.2723

Accession Number: 23552528

Keywords: *Dermatology

Humans

*Periodicals as Topic

Skin Diseases/physiopathology

Notes: Robinson, June K

Callen, Jeffrey P

eng

Editorial

2013/04/05 06:00

JAMA Dermatol. 2013 Mar;149(3):340. doi: 10.1001/jamadermatol.2013.2723.

URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23552528

 

 

Reference Type:  Journal Article

Record Number: 4497Author: Roosta, N., Black, D. S. and Rea, T. H.

Year: 2013

Title: A comparison of stigma among patients with leprosy in rural Tanzania and urban United States: a role for public health in dermatology

Journal: Int J Dermatol

Volume: 52

Issue: 4

Pages: 432-40

Date: Apr

Short Title: A comparison of stigma among patients with leprosy in rural Tanzania and urban United States: a role for public health in dermatology

Alternate Journal: International journal of dermatology

ISSN: 1365-4632 (Electronic)

0011-9059 (Linking)

DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-4632.2011.05226.x

Accession Number: 23451850

Keywords: Adult

Aged

*Cross-Cultural Comparison

Cross-Sectional Studies

Dermatology

Employment

Family Relations

Female

Health Education

Humans

Interpersonal Relations

Interviews as Topic

Leprosy/diagnosis/prevention & control/*psychology

Los Angeles

Male

Middle Aged

Public Health

Self Concept

*Social Stigma

Tanzania

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Leprosy is a chronic infection of the skin and peripheral nerves caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae, which causes peripheral insensitivity and disfigurements of the skin, limbs, and digits. Social stigma is a common consequence of leprosy and may differ according to level of physical disfigurement and geographic location. The objective of this study was to assess social stigma encountered by patients with leprosy in clinical settings located in rural Tanzania and urban USA and to compare the social stigma reported in these regions. METHODS: A total of 56 respondents were recruited from one leprosy inpatient facility in Shirati, Tanzania (n = 28), and one outpatient clinic in Los Angeles, USA (n = 28). Cross-sectional data were obtained from face-to-face interviews, which were conducted with respondents at each clinic location. Measures of perceived stigma were assessed in family relationship, vocational, social interaction, and interpersonal contexts. RESULTS: Patients in Tanzania, as compared with those in the USA, reported significantly higher levels of stigma in family relationship and vocational contexts. Tanzanian patients also reported higher levels of stigma in social interaction and self-esteem contexts, but these differences were marginally significant and may reflect the small sample size. CONCLUSIONS: Leprosy-related social stigma is a major problem in regions of both developed and developing countries; however, patients with leprosy in developing countries reported higher levels of stigma in four social contexts. A public health role in dermatology is discussed as an agent of early diagnosis, control, and education in order to reduce social stigma and promote social rehabilitation.

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