November 8, 2014
Notes: Bhatti, Z U
Finlay, A Y
Bolton, C E
Halcox, J P
Jones, S M
Ketchell, R I
Moore, R H
Salek, M S
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov’t
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2014 Oct;28(10):1344-55. doi: 10.1111/jdv.12289. Epub 2013 Oct 18.
Author Address: Centre for Socioeconomic Research, Cardiff School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK; Department of Dermatology and Wound Healing, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK.
Reference Type: Journal Article
Record Number: 4333Author: Bieber, B. and Bieber, T.
Title: The 100-year old collection of wax moulages at the Department of Dermatology of the University of Bonn
Journal: Eur J Dermatol
Short Title: The 100-year old collection of wax moulages at the Department of Dermatology of the University of Bonn
Alternate Journal: European journal of dermatology : EJD
ISSN: 1952-4013 (Electronic)
Accession Number: 24047576
History, 20th Century
World War II
Abstract: The tradition of wax models in Dermatology, also named moulages, is about 200 years old. Dermatology departments all over the world created wax moulages collections to teach students and doctors as well as to document research. In 1910 Erich Hoffmann, who discovered Spirochaeta pallida together with Fritz Schaudinn, became head of the department of dermatology in Bonn. He founded one of the largest moulage collections in Germany. This almost unknown collection consists of more than 1,000 delicate and well conserved wax models. Two excellent wax moulage makers, Auguste Kaltschmidt and Hermann Hessling, produced most of these masterpieces between 1913 and 1937. Until recently, A. Kaltschmidt has only been known to have worked as moulage maker in Rostock, while the biographic details of both her and H. Hessling remained obscure. This paper aims (i) to outline Erich Hoffmann’s role for and his contribution to the moulage collection and (ii) to give the first biographic details about the two outstanding dermatologic moulage makers of the collection of Bonn.