November 8, 2014
Notes: Antonio, Joao Roberto
Soubhia, Rosa Maria Cordeiro
D’Avila, Solange Correa Garcia Pires
Caldas, Adriana Cristina
Tridico, Livia Arroyo
Alves, Fernanda Tome
An Bras Dermatol. 2013 Mar-Apr;88(2):199-203. doi: 10.1590/S0365-05962013000200002.
Author Address: Dermatological Service, Hospital de Base, Faculdade de Medicina de Sao Jose do Rio Preto (FAMERP), Sao Jose do Rio Preto, SP, Brazil.
Reference Type: Journal Article
Record Number: 4541Author: Ayanlowo, O. O. and Akinkugbe, A. O.
Title: Overview of dermatophyte infections at the dermatology outpatient clinic of a tertiary institution in Nigeria
Journal: Nig Q J Hosp Med
Short Title: Overview of dermatophyte infections at the dermatology outpatient clinic of a tertiary institution in Nigeria
Alternate Journal: Nigerian quarterly journal of hospital medicine
ISSN: 0189-2657 (Print)
Accession Number: 24579485
Outpatient Clinics, Hospital/*statistics & numerical data
Tertiary Care Centers/*statistics & numerical data
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Dermatophytes are the commonest organisms causing superficial fungal infections. Earlier epidemiologic studies in Nigeria revealed dermatophyte infection as one of the top three reasons for visiting the dermatologists. OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency, characteristics and predisposing factors to dermatophyte infections at the dermatology outpatient clinic of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH) from March 2003 to September 2009. METHODS: The clinic records and case notes of patients were reviewed. Patients’ data which includes demographic details, characteristics of disease, predisposing factors and clinical presentation findings were entered on Excel spreadsheets and analyzed using SPSS 15. Results were displayed using frequency tables. RESULTS: Dermatophyte infections were found in 8.39% of patients attending the dermatology outpatient clinic of LUTH. Tinea pedis was the most frequently seen, occurring in 33.6% of patients; followed by tinea corporis (20%), tinea manuum (18.6%) and tinea capitis (14.8%). Dermatophyte infection was most frequently seen in the 3rd and the 4th decades of life, except tinea capitis seen predominantly in the 1st decade of life and tinea intertrigo in the 5th decade. CONCLUSION: Dermatophyte infections occur at all age groups, although frequency of occurrence differs with age group and site of the body affected.