Dermatology 2013

Alternate Journal: Anais brasileiros de dermatologia

ISSN: 1806-4841 (Electronic)

0365-0596 (Linking)

DOI: 10.1590/abd1806-4841.20131912

PMCID: 3798350

Accession Number: 24173179

Keywords: Adolescent

Adult

Age Distribution

Aged

Aged, 80 and over

Brazil/epidemiology

Child

Dermatology/*statistics & numerical data

Epidemiologic Methods

Female

Hospitalization/*statistics & numerical data

Humans

Internal Medicine/*statistics & numerical data

Male

Middle Aged

Sepsis/*epidemiology/etiology

Sex Distribution

Time Factors

Young Adult

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a common cause of morbidity and mortality among hospitalized patients. The prevalence of this condition has increased significantly in different parts of the world. Patients admitted to dermatology wards often have severe loss of skin barrier and use systemic corticosteroids, which favor the development of sepsis. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of sepsis among patients admitted to a dermatology ward compared to that among patients admitted to an internal medicine ward. METHODS: It is a cross-sectional, observational, comparative study that was conducted at Hospital Santa Casa de Belo Horizonte. Data were collected from all patients admitted to four hospital beds at the dermatology and internal medicine wards between July 2008 and July 2009. Medical records were analyzed for the occurrence of sepsis, dermatologic diagnoses, comorbidities, types of pathogens and most commonly used antibiotics. RESULTS: We analyzed 185 medical records. The prevalence of sepsis was 7.6% among patients admitted to the dermatology ward and 2.2% (p = 0.10) among those admitted to the internal medicine ward. Patients with comorbidities, diabetes mellitus and cancer did not show a higher incidence of sepsis. The main agent found was Staphylococcus aureus, and the most commonly used antibiotics were ciprofloxacin and oxacillin. There was a significant association between sepsis and the use of systemic corticosteroids (p <0.001). CONCLUSION: It becomes clear that epidemiological studies on sepsis should be performed more extensively and accurately in Brazil so that efforts to prevent and treat this serious disease can be made more effectively.

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