Cardiology 2013. Part II.

ISSN: 1432-1971 (Electronic)

0172-0643 (Linking)

DOI: 10.1007/s00246-012-0403-8

Accession Number: 22673966

Keywords: Female

Fontan Procedure/adverse effects/*methods

Hospitalization/*statistics & numerical data

Humans

Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome/*surgery

Infant

Logistic Models

Male

Postoperative Complications/*epidemiology

Quality Improvement

Registries

Risk Factors

Treatment Outcome

United States

Abstract: The National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement Collaborative (NPC-QIC) registry captures information on interstage management of infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). The purpose of this study was to identify interstage risk factors for increased resource use and adverse outcomes during bidirectional Glenn (BDG) hospitalization. All infants in the NPC-QIC registry (31 United States hospitals) undergoing BDG surgery were included (December 2009 to August 2010). Patient demographics, interstage variables, operative procedures, and complications were recorded. Days of hospitalization, ventilation, inotrope use, and complications were surrogates of resource use. Logistic regression analysis determined the associations between predictor variables and resource use. Of 162 infants, 105 (65 %) were males. At BDG, the median age was 155 days (range 78-128), mean weight-for-age z-score was -1.6 +/- 1.1, mean length-for-age z-score was -1.5 +/- 1.7, and mean preoperative oxygen saturation was 78 % +/- 7 %. Caloric recommendations were met in 60 % of patients, and 85 % of patients participated in a home-surveillance program. Median days of intubation, inotrope use, and hospitalization were 1, 2, and 7, respectively. There were 4 post-BDG deaths and 55 complications. In multivariate analysis, lower weight-for-age z-score, female sex, and aortic atresia with mitral stenosis were associated with a higher risk of BDG complications. Meeting caloric recommendations before BDG was associated with fewer hospitalization days. Lower weight-for-age z-score was an independent and potentially modifiable risk factor for BDG complications. HLHS infants who met caloric recommendations before BDG had a lower duration of hospitalization at BDG. These data justify targeting nutrition in interstage strategies to improve outcomes and decrease costs for patients with HLHS.

Pages: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205