Cardiology 2013. Part II.

DOI: 10.1016/j.ancard.2011.07.001

Original Publication: Prevalence et facteurs lies a l’observance therapeutique chez des patients noirs africains coronariens stables, suivis en ambulatoire en service de cardiologie de Dakar au Senegal.

Accession Number: 21872836

Keywords: Adult

*African Continental Ancestry Group

Aged

Aged, 80 and over

*Ambulatory Care

Cardiovascular Agents/*administration & dosage/adverse effects

Combined Modality Therapy

Coronary Artery Disease/*drug therapy/ethnology

*Developing Countries

Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy/ethnology

Exercise

Female

Humans

Hypercholesterolemia/drug therapy/ethnology

Hypertension/drug therapy/ethnology

Male

Medication Adherence/*ethnology

Middle Aged

Obesity, Abdominal/complications/ethnology

Risk Factors

Sedentary Lifestyle

Senegal

Smoking/adverse effects/ethnology

Abstract: INTRODUCTION: The management of coronary artery disease has made important progress. Adherence to therapeutic measures is a great challenge for improving the long-term prognosis. In this work, we evaluate factors related to therapeutic adherence in black African patients with stable coronary artery disease. METHODOLOGY: We conducted a survey over three months (February-May 2008) in three cardiology departments in Dakar. We studied the regularity of drug intake, the adherence to the dietary advices and the appointments for consultation as well as the factors related to adherence. Good adherence was defined by a compliance rate greater or equal to 80% and a compliance rate less than 40% defined poor adherence. RESULTS: We included 105 patients (61 men) with a mean age of 60.67+/-11.29 years. Good compliance was noted in 56.2% of cases for drug treatment, 42% for dietary advices and 65% for appointments for consultation. A history of acute coronary events (P=0.04), a good knowledge of the disease (P=0.03) and a healthcare (P=0.02) were the factors related to a good adherence to drug treatment, whereas ischemic cardiomyopathy was a factor for poor adherence (P=0.002). Knowledge of coronary disease was the only factor correlated with good adherence to lifestyle (P=0.014). CONCLUSION: Therapeutic adherence remains unsatisfactory in Black African patients with stable coronary artery disease, hence the importance of patient education to reach a good adherence for therapeutic, because better adherence improves long-term prognosis of coronary artery disease.

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