March 9, 2014
Notes: De Backer, Daniel
Crit Care. 2013 Nov 22;17(6):247.
Author Address: Department of Intensive Care, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, B-1070, Brussels, Belgium. firstname.lastname@example.org.
Reference Type: Journal Article
Record Number: 460Author: de Boer, S. P., van Leeuwen, M. A., Cheng, J. M., Oemrawsingh, R. M., van Geuns, R. J., Serruys, P. W., Boersma, E. and Lenzen, M. J.
Title: Trial participation as a determinant of clinical outcome: differences between trial-participants and Every Day Clinical Care patients in the field of interventional cardiology
Journal: Int J Cardiol
Date: Nov 15
Short Title: Trial participation as a determinant of clinical outcome: differences between trial-participants and Every Day Clinical Care patients in the field of interventional cardiology
Alternate Journal: International journal of cardiology
ISSN: 1874-1754 (Electronic)
Accession Number: 24144926
Abstract: BACKGROUND: This study examines differences in clinical outcome between trial-participants and non-participants after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS AND RESULTS: This study compromised of 11,931 consecutive patients who underwent PCI in a high volume center, during the period 2000 – 2009. Of these patients, 1787 (15%) participated in an interventional clinical trial with a follow-up period of at least six months. The maximum follow-up duration was 11.8 years, with a median of 3.8 years (IQR: 2.6 – 6.5). Baseline and procedural characteristics differed between trial-participants and non-participants. Trial-participants were more often male, were younger, had more cardiovascular risk factors and were treated more often for stable angina pectoris and single vessel disease. Overall mortality at maximum follow-up was lower for trial-participants compared to non-participants (8.1% versus 17.6%, p<0.001, adjusted HR, 0.62, 95% CI: 0.52-0.74). There was no difference in the incidence of non-fatal MI and CABG. Repeat PCI was seen more often in trial-participants (18.1% versus 30.7%, p<0.001, adjusted HR 1.91, 95%CI 1.73-2.10). Consequently, a higher incidence of the composite of mortality, repeat revascularization, and non-fatal MI was seen in the trail-participants (adjusted HR.1.36 95% CI 1.25 – 1.47), but this association was primarily driven by the occurrence of repeat PCI. CONCLUSION: Participants in clinical trials in the field of interventional cardiology with a follow-up of at least six months differed considerably from non-participants in baseline and procedural characteristics. Trial-participants had better survival than non-participants. In contrast, a two-fold higher incidence of repeat PCI was observed in trial-participants.